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Final Cut Pro X Babbling

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Final Cut Pro X 10.3 – First Look

Well, the wait is over, Motion and Compressor have finally been updated!

Oh, hold on… Final Cut Pro X 10.3 was released today too right?



It’s been a long time coming and for good reason… it’s a major update, arguably the biggest yet. Since everyone on the internet will be writing about these updates in depth, I’ll be providing the TL;DR (too long;didn’t read) version for FCP X and talking about what it’s like to actually use it. Let’s start with the headline features, then go a little in depth.

Headline Features
  • Brand New UI
  • Redesigned Timeline 2.0 with optional Role Organization
  • Color Code Roles
  • Re-Order Roles in the Timeline
  • Timeline Clip Height KB Shortcut now properly works in Timeline
  • Add Roles on import manually or using iXML, in the Inspector, or TL Index.
  • Batch Assign Roles in the Inspector
  • New MXF and DPP Metadata Views (Apple cares about pros!)
  • Remove all Effects or Remove Attributes.
  • Customizable, Recallable Workspaces
  • One Click to add Audio-Only Fades (set this in Editing Preferences under Audio)
  • Optional Full Height Inspector
  • Copy/Paste Timecode
  • Add Effects to master Roles in a Compound Clip (Role based mixing.)
  • New Audio/Music Browser with Waveform Preview
  • Optional Continuous Play in the Browser (set this in the View Menu Browser options)
  • Consolidate custom Motion Templates in a Library (set this in Library Inspector or right click a Library in the Browser)
  • Open Libraries from an SMB NAS
  • Built in Flow (morph) Transition
  • Source Timecode Generator and Effect


Check the release notes, there’s a lot more. New Pro formats, Full screen Timeline on a second monitor (and other 2 display options), XML Import into existing Events (loving this!). It’s pretty clear now why this took a while to appear, it’s kind of a whole new app. FCP X 10.3 will run on macOS 10.11.4 and up.

As I said… Rather than just listing all the features – you can find those in the help menu or online – lets have a look at what it’s like to actually use this beast.

Brand New User Interface

Dark, flat, and in my opinion, way better to work with than the old version… I use a bunch of NLE’s and this version of FCP X is by far the easiest on the eyes. Many buttons, controls and Menu options have moved and/or been consolidated in a much more logical fashion. It takes a minute to figure out where everything is, but it really makes much more sense in day to day use.



The Music & SFX Browser moves to the main browser window, and gains a skimmable waveform view. Titles and Generators now appear in the Browser as well. Put the Browser on a second monitor as I do at work, and it’s much easier to hunt for stuff.

Also, you can now store Motion Templates in the Library if you want. You set this in the Library Inspector or by right clicking a Library in the Browser, very straightforward. Now when you share or archive Libraries, any custom Motion Templates can travel with it. This is a big deal for folks who collaborate on jobs and use custom Templates. Remember that any plugins that are not stored in the Motion Templates Folder will still need to be installed on all machines on which you open the Library.



New Wide Gamut Options and Viewer Range Check
New settings allow editing and output in Rec.709 or Rec.2020 (Wide) color space. Compatible monitors are necessary for wide gamut display. You can set the color space for individual Projects, or an entire Library. Note that in order to change a Project from Rec 709 to Wide you must first set the Library to Wide. You can then flip individual projects between the 2 color spaces.



In the Viewers, the option to display Range Check overlays has been added. Most people may not need this, but it’s essential for professional broadcast work.



Customizable Recallable Workspaces
There are a few default sets, and you can now create and save your own custom layouts as well. New buttons have been added to quickly switch from single to dual monitors, Show/Hide the Timeline and Browser, and you can choose a myriad of different combinations of what you’d like to show in each Workspace or on either monitor. The option to put a full screen Timeline on a second monitor is one of my favorites. Save as many arrangements as you want. It’s very cool, very simple to work with, and very nicely done. Workspace settings can be easily revealed in the Finder to copy to other systems if you want.





Remove Effects and Remove Attributes
Another much requested feature, and it’s implemented really well. You can select a group of clips and remove all the applied effects if you want. Or, using a window much like Paste Effects, selectively remove any Transform parameters, Effects, or combinations of each. Very nice, and worth the wait. And here’s a treat for you… Match Color now can once again copied and pasted or saved with a preset, it’s no longer orphaned as it has been since 10.2.0.




Full Height Inspector
This is super useful. You can show the Inspector as you always have, or with a keystroke it expands to the full height of your monitor. Really nice to have this, especially with Effects that have lots of controls.



Work With Libraries From SMB NAS
You can now open Libraries that are stored on NAS drives via SMB. No fancy setups, hardware or voodoo needed. I have a 2013 Mac Mini running OS X Server with a bunch of Promise Pegasus drives attached to which I connect via a GB Ethernet switch, and it works perfectly for me. This ability was seen as a “missing” feature that is being put back in, but it’s one of those things that make one wonder what Apple has up their sleeve.

For some reason I wasn’t able to copy existing Libraries on my computer to the server (likely a permissions issue on my end), but I’ve created new Libraries on the server and they work just like local Libraries. Waveforms and thumbnails refresh a tiny bit slower, but that’s probably due to the Ethernet speed, not FCP. Very nice to have this for those of us who work in collaborative environments.

Timeline 2.0 – Roles
OK, here’s the thing everyone will be talking about… After revamping most of the other parts of X over the last few years, Apple have finally tackled the Timeline. Roles, which have always been at the heart of how FCP X works, are now supercharged. What this means is that it’s more important than ever to assign and use Roles effectively.

To facilitate this, you can now assign custom Roles on import, and you can use embedded iXML data to automatically assign Audio Roles when importing. You can also batch assign common Roles on components of multichannel masters in the Audio Inspector (no need for Role-O-Matic anymore), rename and assign Roles in the Inspector, in the Timeline Index, or by right clicking a clip, or selected group of clips, in the Timeline or Browser.

In short, it is now much easier to assign Roles to clips no matter where you are in the app. Roles are of course searchable in the Index, and you can now search for clip types – Audition, Compound Clip, Multicam and Synchronized Clips.

Role Colors
And something everyone has been clamoring for has appeared… you can assign colors to your Roles too. That’s right, Roles can be assigned different colors from a default palette. Now we can make our timelines look just as hideously colorful as Avid and Adobe!

Kidding aside, it’s good to finally have this option. Any changes to Roles are Library based, if you always want different colors than the defaults, you’ll need to change ’em in each new Library. As always, making a “template” Library that you duplicate to make new Libraries solves this.



One thing you’ll notice is that Roles function a little differently now. Every “Master” Role always has a default Subrole with the same name. Choose “Music”, and your clip will be assigned a “Music-1” Subrole. As in previous versions, you can rename any Subroles and create custom Master Roles. Essentially each Master Role is now the ‘container’ for all the subroles in it’s category, like an audio buss or group. There’s a very important reason for this which I’ll talk more about below…

Timeline 2.0 – The Timeline!
In the default view, the timeline functions pretty much as it always has. The major difference is that Roles will “stick together” as much as possible. You can now re-arrange the Role order in the timeline by dragging them in the Index. I really love this feature.





You can also “Focus” on a Role, which minimizes all other clips to almost microscopic size. The crazy thing is that you can still pretty easily work with these minimized clips. It’s a great feature which makes working on Projects with lots of stacked audio clips really really easy. You won’t be setting any keyframes on the minimized clip the timeline, but you can cut, trim, add Effects and transitions etc. It’s a godsend for people with smaller screens.

Effects Role Focus


One difference you’ll note is that clips may not stack quite as tightly as before. Roles can overlap in the default view, and you can still manually arrange clips around vertically, but a “lower” role will never move higher than any vertically adjacent clip from a higher ‘z-order’ Role.

The other difference is that you can no longer put audio only clips above the Primary. Kind of a bummer, but ya gotta break some eggs to make an omelette right? The various Clip Appearance settings are slightly different as well, cycle through them and check it out.

So… that’s the new default view, but there’s another new view that will blow your mind.

The Timeline Superhighway
Welcome to “Lanes View”. Enabling this in the Timeline Index puts each Role in it’s own separate Lane. It’s a new, powerful way of organizing an NLE timeline, without losing the the functionality of the Magnetic Timeline.



You can choose to show one big lane for each Master Role and all it’s Subroles, or expand the view to show a separate Lane for each subrole. Put one Role in Lanes View and leave the others in default view, or any combination you want. Click the “Show Audio Lanes” button to change the entire Timeline view.



It has the visual utility of traditional tracks, without losing any of the Magnetic Timelines’ utility. FCP X had already made traditional tracks seem obsolete, but now Roles and Lanes View make tracks feel positively archaic. You can flip through all these views in real time during playback of course… it’s really amazing what Apple have done here. Here’s a little animation that cycles through all the views, and reorders some Roles.



The usual suspects will now say “FCP X has tracks!”. But this is not “tracks” at all, it’s an entirely new thing. Sure, you can re-order tracks in other NLE’s, but there is nothing that even approaches what the FCP X timeline can do with Roles and Lanes. Not even close. Seriously. Play with it, you’ll see.

Apply Effects to Compound Clip Roles. (aka groups or busses)
This is a really important new feature. Create a Compound Clip from your Project, select it in the Timeline, and use the “Show Audio Lanes” Button in the TL Index to expand out the individual master roles as clips. You can then apply effects to the Role(s), as well as to the CC “container” itself. Apply a VO preset to a Master VO Role, add some EQ to your Dialogue Role and drop a compressor/Limiter/LUFS Meter on the enclosing CC container for example.

Select the Role (or the Compound Clip) in the Audio Inspector to make adjustments to intrinsic parameters and/or Effects you’ve applied. You can of course adjust levels for each individual master Role as well as the entire CC in the Timeline or Inspector. Essentially each Role in a Compound Clip is like a buss or subgroup that can be treated independently of other Roles and the CC itself. Incredibly useful for mixing and delivery and, if you think about it, there’s a whole world of possibilities this opens up.



What Else?
As noted above and in the Release Notes, there are many more new features, fixes, and improvements in this version. Way too many for me to go into in this post. FCP X 10.3 is also really fast. It opens faster (the UI appears first now, then the Libraries open), and runs as fast or faster than previous versions for me.

Many of the changes made to the Timeline, Roles, etc. open up some very intriguing possibilities for future updates. Also, the majority of the big changes and additions in 10.3 are squarely aimed at professional users, which is a very good thing.

Hey, maybe people will stop whining about Apple not caring about pros now!… Nah, probably not.

Almost more importantly, this version of FCP X is, as usual, a blast to work in. It’s stable, really great to look at, and the timeline view options and other new features are really a joy to use. My advice is to just get it and start poking around, it’s pretty amazing. Open all the Menus, explore the Command Editor… It takes a little while to discover all the new stuff and get used to how it all works, but that’s half the fun!

Should You Update Now?
Yes! With some caveats…

Your existing libraries will be updated in this version. As always, create backup copies before you open them in 10.3. It’s also always a good idea to compress/zip your current versions of the apps just in case. If you’re in the middle of a large job, the old “hold off until it’s done” advice is warranted. That said, I have clearly not heeded that advice.

Every Library I’ve updated – and I’ve updated some very large Libraries – has been fine. Any small issues I’ve run into have been easy to fix. The longer and more complex your Project the longer it’ll take to QC it in the new version but if you don’t mind spending the time, then go right ahead.

Roles in existing Libraries/Projects that are updated may get a little screwy. I haven’t had any problems here, but be on the lookout for this. Using Lanes view and expanding Subroles makes tracking down stray/incorrect Roles very easy though.

As usual, some 3’rd party plugins may have issues. I have, uh… lots of these, and for the most part everything has been fine. I’ve also heard first hand from some plugin developers that things are actually better with this than previous updates, but keep an eye out.

10.3 updates fcpxml to version 1.6, and apps that use fcpxml may not yet work with fcpxml 1.6. You can optionally export fcpxml 1.5 so in theory you should be OK, but the changes in Roles could cause unexpected problems when exporting to the older version. Again, nothing major that I’ve run into, but if you have mission critical workflows that use fcpxml, I’d run some tests to be sure.

Of note… the latest versions of X2Pro and all the Intelligent Assistance apps work with fcpxml 1.6 now. EDL X works fine if you export fcpxml 1.5, and I expect it will be updated soon if it hasn’t been already.

All in all, this is a very significant update, and it’s now apparent why it took so long. If you like FCP X, you’re gonna love it. If you don’t like FCP X, give this version a try, it may just change your mind. Personally, I have a hard time going back to the “old” version of X when I need to, and working with track based NLE’s is now even more maddening.

FCP X has always had features that are unmatched in any other NLE, and this update has pushed it even further ahead of the pack in many ways. The Pro Apps team have obviously been working their asses off on this, and they’ve knocked it out of the park. Send ’em some flowers or something!


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Oct 28, 2016 at 2:43:26 amComments (13) fcpx, final cut pro x, final cut pro

Making the Switch to X - A Comparative Study

In a special NAB 2016 presentation at the FCP Exchange Workshop sponsored by FCPWORKS, Creative COW leader Charlie Austin compares FCP X to other NLEs from an editor's perspective. In addition to describing the “intangible” time saving benefits of working in FCP X vs. others, he also presents some unique benefits of FCP X that are impossible or impractical in other NLEs. Even if you prefer editing in other NLEs, Charlie describes some very compelling reasons to add FCP X to your workflow.


Making the Switch to X - A Comparative Study from FCPWORKS on Vimeo.



Posted by: Charlie Austin on May 10, 2016 at 2:05:41 pmComments (79) Apple Final Cut Pro X, FCPX

Nine Lives Trailer VFX Done In FCP X

A couple weeks ago I posted about some 2k VFX – 3 screen replacements – I had created in FCP X for an unnamed trailer. Well, the trailer is out so I wanted to let you all take a look. To be clear, while I had cut another version of the trailer in X, it was not chosen to finish.

This final version of the trailer was cut in FCP 7 by another of our editors, though one of my gags, (the Instagram thing) did make it into the final cut. Actually, that gag will appear on Instagram at some point, and that was delivered from FCP X. There’s also a shot of lightning hitting a building which is an AE rebuild of a temp comp I did in X.

Anyway, here's the trailer, and the stills below are of the VFX done in FCP X. Don't blink or you'll miss them!







Screen replacement using Track-X. Keyframed Gaussian Blur and some Film Grain


Name Tag made elsewhere. Edges softened with mask, color mask and correct frame
Added shadow, blur and film grain


Screen replacement using Track-X. Background darkened with Draw Mask, Logo removed with Slice-X.
Screen Image has a light "Bad TV" Filter, Color corrected and Film Grain added



Screen replacement using Track-X, Slice X, Draw Mask, Keyer. Logo removed with Slice-X.
Color corrected and Film Grain added (details in other post)
Replacement screen is a screen grab from my iPhone



So there ya go. 2K VFX done in the FCP X timeline with some plugins. No other apps needed. Well, I ran the exported 2k XQ files through Compressor to deliver as tiff sequences, but all the compositing was done in the NLE. It’s pretty crazy what FCP X can do.:-) It’s a cute movie too. Go see it, especially if you have kids!


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Apr 15, 2016 at 9:53:16 am FCPX, FCPX Workflow, trailer

N.A.B. FCP X & Me.



Oh, Hi! Going to NAB? Want to go to NAB? If you’re there, I’ll be blabbing about FCP X at a little FCP Exchange presentation on Tuesday at 2:30. Stop by and heckle! Bring your FCP X hating friends! Fun!




Posted by: Charlie Austin on Apr 13, 2016 at 4:16:30 pm Uncategorized

Random Freebies – 2K 1.85 Title Safe Overlays

I just made a couple 1.85 title safe .png checker overlays if anyone has any use for them. In FCP X, I use a combo of Digital Heavens Grid X, and Andy’s Safe Guides, both free and worth having. We wanted a “prettier” checker for some AE/PS stuff though, so I just rendered these out in 2K […]


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Mar 28, 2016 at 6:04:05 pm WorkflowFree FCP X tool

FCP X & 3rd Party Plugins - 2K VFX

Just wanted to share a little story illustrating one of the great things about FCP X… the capabilities you can add to the NLE with 3’rd party apps/plugins. Of course, some people believe that since FCP X doesn’t come with every option under the sun built in, it’s crippled. I am not one of those people. Case in point, Coremelt Slice-X and Track X.



A little back story… when we cut a trailer, we’ll often do a couple versions and let the client pick one, or combine bits from both. Recently, a version that I cut was not chosen (sad face) but a couple pieces from it were put into our other version. One of these bits contained a phone screen replacement I had done using Slice-X and Track X, so I had exported a comp for the other editor to use for the offline. Now, it’s time to finish it. Clean elements were supplied as 2K dpx files, which I exported from Resolve as 2K ProRes 4444 XQ movies to work with.

In addition to this shot, there were 3 other screen replacements that needed to be done, and the original thought was to do those, and redo this one, in After Effects. But, for whatever reason, AE wasn’t happy tracking this shot and Mocha was being… crashy. So rather than waste more time I just rebuilt it in FCP X with the clean 2K elements.



This was a tricky track. The phone was being typed on, so it was jumping around, not a smooth motion. Also, the actors thumb was of course flying all over the place above the screen. I can’t really show the clean shots until the trailer comes out, so I’ve included a blurred version (above) of what I was dealing with. Obviously there’s more to the shot… When the finished piece is out, I’ll update the post with a link [update: and here it is!], though what’s here will remain blurred and crappy looking..

Let me add a disclaimer in advance of any snide comments… I’m sure this could have been done in AE, (or Nuke, Flame etc etc.) but what I was doing in FCP X, right in the NLE, looked great so it was easier just to keep it there.

In the offline version, the Track X replacement went a little nuts when the thumb moved all the way across the screen, so I redid that and after a little futzing around, got a nice, solid, clean replacement. So I could more easily reposition the screen, I exported just that element as a comped movie. Next, I used Slice-X on the original clip to remove the entire screen, including the actors thumb. Those became the base layers.



I then used a fixed draw mask to cut out just the thumb, and used the built in keyer to get rid of the screen. Luckily, it was all shades of blue, and tweaking the key got rid of it all, while leaving the thumb with a clean edge.



Next bit was a tiny slice of the hand between thumb and forefinger that had a blue glow on it, used Slice X to track it, and got rid of the blue using the color board, the skin tone stayed the same so it blended right in, I just used a portion of it at the end and faded it in.




Finished up by adding an adjustment layer with Color Correction applied to get rid of the blue glow left over from the original screen. Since that made a mess of the color in the rest of the shot, I used Slice X to mask out just the phone section of the original shot in another copy of the clip, and placed that over the whole pile. A little tweaking, and it was done. Exported as a 2K 4444 XQ movie, and delivered as .tiff sequences via compressor. EZ. Here’s an annoying gif illustrating the pile of blurred parts with the complete shot blacked out.




As an added bonus, the client called and wanted the phone’s brand logo above the screen “painted out”. Slice X object remover got rid of it easily. Our AE artist said he didn’t think he could have done it any better, and definitely not as quickly. I also ended up doing 2 of the other 3 screen replacements in FCP X, as he was backed up recreating another temp comp I had made, involving turning a bright daytime city shot into a stormy night scene with lightning striking a building. lol That one was pretty complicated, and the AE version looks awesome. As I said, when the trailer is out I’ll link to it here. [Update: And here it is!]

Anyway… my point in all this is just to say that 3rd party plugins that add functions to FCP X are not a bad thing at all, quite the opposite actually. No jumping between apps, everything can be done – in this case in 2K with real time playback – without ever leaving the NLE. Yes, you need to bolt on the capabilities you need, but in the end it’s actually cheaper than buying or renting a bunch of specialized apps to do stuff like this.

That’s not to say there aren’t plenty of other programs that can do this, there certainly are. But, compared to Premiere and Media composer. FCP X is the only NLE that gives you the capability to do this without ever leaving the timeline. Also, it was easy, and fun.

P.S. I was taking the screenshots for this on my 3 year old MacBook air. The project actually played in real time with 4+ layers of 2k clips, 3 of which had Coremelt effects, masks, color correction applied. It was a little choppy, but the fact it played at all kind of surprised me.


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Mar 26, 2016 at 2:43:51 pm Workflow, compositing, FCPX, Tools

FCP X Audio-Mute vs. Disable…

As this is a topic that seems to cause some confusion, I thought I’d write a little post about it. It confuses me sometimes too, so this post is also for me… to refer to when my brain freezes up.  I’ve included the obligatory video below. It’s too long for a Gif-Tip™, but I’ve tried to be uncharachteristically […]
FCP X Audio-Mute vs. Disable… Republished by Charlie Austin


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Mar 19, 2016 at 5:50:48 pm FCP XWorkflowaudioFinal Cut Pro X

FCP Exchange – Video and Omissions

The video from the FCP Exchange event has been posted, I’ve added it below. I realized that when listing the tools I use, there were a couple great plugins I neglected to mention so I wanted to do that now… First is Automatic Duck Import AE – If you use After Effects as part of your […]
FCP Exchange – Video and Omissions Republished by Charlie Austin


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Mar 14, 2016 at 4:47:06 pm FCP XWorkflowFCP X Workflow

FCP Exchange Trailer Workflow Slides

Just for giggles, here are the vague, cryptic slides I used for my exciting, informative, and accidentally insulting presentation. The video should appear at FCPEXCHANGE.COM eventually. Hope they’re useful! And thanks to the FCPWorks gang for letting me blab about stuff.  
FCP Exchange Trailer Workflow Slides Republished by Charlie Austin


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Mar 7, 2016 at 10:53:19 pm Workflowtrailer

Gif-Tips™ – The Future of Online Training!

In response to a twitter message the other day, my reply included a little GIF illustration. A few people liked it, so I made some more. :-) Enjoy, and feel free to share if they’re of any use. GeekCo. GIF-TIPS™


Posted by: Charlie Austin on Feb 23, 2016 at 12:27:02 pm Timeline TipsTips

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